It is undeniable that the Star Wars franchise is one of the most popular and intriguing films and entertainment franchises in global history.
According to Statista, the firm film in the entire franchise A New Hope â€œgenerated over 775 million U.S. dollars at the global box office,â€ while the franchiseâ€™s films from 1977 to 2020 have â€œ[grossed] more than $10 billion worldwideâ€.
This goes without mentioning the countless video games, toys, collectables, cards, television series, and amusement parks that have sprung up in the past forty-five years since A New Hope premiered. The cultural legacy of the series is also indelible.
One of the key aspects of this fantastic space opera is, naturally, the space battles. From dogfights in space to large conventional operations on snowy terrain to guerilla attacks on top-secret Imperial bases, the military aspects of the franchise have always been a key aspect.
With this comes the emphasis on intelligence collection, dissemination, and the craft as a whole.
Star Wars And Intelligence
Throughout the Star Wars narratives, be they in film, book, or other media formats, intelligence plays a central role.
Writing for the Star Wars-centric news site Eleven-ThirtyEight, Lucas Jackson discusses this writing, â€œA New Hopeâ€˜s plot was driven by a set of stolen blueprints to an enemy weapon system.
In Return of the Jedi, spies discovered the existence of the second Death Star, only for that information to be revealed as the result of a wartime intelligence effort by the Empire designed to bait the Rebellion into a trap.
Attack of the Clones featured political assassination attempts, which led Obi-Wan to investigate their source, discover a secret clone army, and learn the war plans of the Confederacy of Independent Systems â€¦ Timothy Zahnâ€™s novels, with their focus on the importance of information, did more to incorporate espionage elements than most othersâ€.
While, in the film series, espionage and intelligence play a background, more narrative role in the story, the importance of intelligence is blatantly apparent.
It can be seen blatantly throughout the entire series, which makes sense given how important intelligence operations (gathering and collecting) are in warfare.
What is most interesting, however, is how much one can learn about the pitfalls of intelligence and the difficulties in making and listening to effective intelligence from the series.
Below are just a few intelligence failures, some of the greatest ones, from the series;
- The Empire losing track of two of the most powerful Jedi, Obi-Wan Kenobi and Yoda, for nearly two decades in Episode IV
- The Rebel Alliance failing to discover that the new Death Star is tactically operational in Episode VI
- The Jedi Council failing to learn about the clandestine creation of the Clone Troopers on Kamino in Episode II
- The Empire not fixing the weaknesses in the original Death Star in Episode VI and VII
- The Rebel Alliance not detecting the entire detachment of Stormtroopers on the Forest Moon of Endor in Episode VI
- Darth Vader failing to find his own children also for twenty years in Episode IV
Clearly, these are pretty large oversights. Major General Mick Ryan, a retired general of the Australian Army and former Commander of the Australian Defence College, created a slide show in 2018 that, among other things, describes the lessons that can be learned from Star Wars in an intelligence sense.
He describes how, on the part of the Empire, there was a â€œconsistent failure to anticipateâ€ Rebel action while, on the part of the Rebel Alliance, there was a â€œconsistent failure of imaginationâ€.
The Rebels clearly failed to uncover Imperial operations and military actions
In total, there was a failure to learn on both parties. In addition to what was described above, both parties failed to learn from previous mistakes or errors in judgement.
For the Empire, they failed to understand the weaknesses in their own defenses, with the Death Star being destroyed by an X-Wing twice, the galaxyâ€™s most impressive weapon being defeated by what was effectively a second-generation vehicle with the X-Wing being â€œintended to become the backbone of the Imperial Navy, but political forces led to the Galactic Empire deciding to rely on [the] more affordable TIE lineâ€.
On the other hand, the Rebels seemed to have an incredibly poor intelligence gathering apparatus, failing to discover the Empireâ€™s strength on Endor adequately or determining how close to fully operational the Death Star was.
In terms of conducting any military operation, these questions should be asked and fully answered utilizing the most credible and up-to-date information gained from either one or a combination of the five main intelligence disciplines (e.g., Signals, Human, Measurement and Signature, Geospatial, Open-Source).
The Jedi, despite their impressive, akin to godlike qualities, are also responsible for their own share of mistakes, such as failing to discover that a Jedi of their own had commissioned the creation of a secret army.
Any organization should be able to keep enough tabs on its own ranks to ascertain that none of them is acting in a way contradictory to its own ethos and code, in addition to potentially carrying out a subversive or anti-democracy action.
Furthermore, the Jedi determines that this army is necessary to use with no change to the genetic code or otherwise adjusting the templates in use by the Kaminoans to suit their own needs and security desires better.
Instead, they simply accept that General Sifo-Dyas was operating with the best of intentions or with the desire to preserve democracy and the status quo in spite of acting outside of the Jedi Councilâ€™s orders.
The Lessons of Intelligence Failures in Star Wars
Like with many other media formats that focus on warfare, intelligence, or politics, there can be abundant lessons gained to help real-world militaries, intelligence entities, and policymakers avoid the same pitfalls.
For policymakers in a real-world setting, there are a series of lessons to be learned from Star Wars;
- When faced with evidence or intelligence pointing to flaws in a security system, it is wise (and should be mandatory) that these flaws be fixed and solved before mounting an operation or, even in peacetime, at the earliest convenience. Even when a previous operation (e.g., the Battle above Yavin 4 in Episode IV) has shown the system to be penetrable and at risk, including additional fail-safes and measures against penetration or simply securing any potential weapon destroying features is a strong must
- In mounting a combat operation, it is imperative that any force gather the necessary intelligence of the geographical location in which the operation will be mounted. This includes the tracking of supply and troop ships, estimating or approximating the number of troops that normally are within the area, assessing the amount of civilian life on the planet (and if such intelligent life is friend or foe), as well as collecting all pertinent and potentially beneficial information before the operation. Also, prior to the op, it would be wise to physically surveil the area and spend weeks (preferably two) monitoring encampments, and the surrounding area, meeting with local life to develop alliances or assess their threat level, and see if the collected intelligence matches what has been seen on the ground
- Finally, it is important that the humans in charge of commanding these military operations or making policies that will affect military missions, society, and daily life be accepting of information that has been credibly assessed, analyzed, and formulated before them in briefs or assessments. This is probably the most difficult part of any intelligence briefing, especially with strong-willed or politically expedient people, given they may have views or desires they want to carry out in a mission or action.
These lessons will allow policymakers to prevent better intelligence failures and from repeating the same mistakes that resulted in these fictional entities crumbling and collapsing.
While these are fictional entities within a defined, almost predestined universe, these situations often replicate and are inspired by real-world human actions and activities. They inform the world around us and help influence decision and policymaking processes.
Discover More of Alan Cunningham’s Work
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- The Importance of Civilian Oversight in U.S. Intelligence Community Operations
In making intelligence policy, gathering information on foreign adversaries, or disseminating and assessing intelligence upon a given situation, it is important to remember the lessons learned and not make the same mistakes that some of the media and pop cultureâ€™s most famous and well-known heroes have made.